Organic Fertilization in 'Pérola' Pineapple Increases Fruit Production and Physical and Chemical Characteristics
Pineapple is the third most cultivated tropical fruit in the world. However, few studies have focused on the cultivation
using organic fertilization, especially in semiarid regions. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate growth, production and
physicochemical traits of pineapple fruits produced under organic fertilization in the semiarid. The experiment was
carried out at the didactic orchard of Federal Rural University of Semiarid, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Four
fertilization treatments were studied (chemical fertilizer, cattle manure, goat manure, poultry litter). At 18 months
after planting, plant growth, physicochemical traits of fruits, and productivity were evaluated. Results showed that
organic fertilization with poultry litter provides best results for physicochemical traits of fruits and productivity of ‘Pérola’
pineapple. Organic fertilization with poultry litter is most promising for plant growth, physicochemical traits of fruits, and
productivity in ‘Pérola’ pineapple, therefore, the most suitable for cultivation in the semiarid region. The fruit firmness,
central cylinder weight, and ratio SS/TA showed best values under chemical and goat manure fertilization.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Toni Halan Silva Irineu, Vander Mendonça, Elias Ariel Moura, Franciezer Vicente Lima, Luana Mendes Oliveira, Marlenildo Ferreira Melo, Luciana Freitas Medeiros Mendonça , Pollyana Cardoso Chagas
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